To prune, or not to prune. That is the question! Pruning vegetable plants is an important step in maintaining a healthy garden and having the best vegetable yield. It is important to know which vegetables need pruning and which ones should not be pruned. A healthier garden equals a happier gardener in return!!
From the moment I planted my vegetable seedlings, I’ve been taking care of them like a parent would take on their children! One of the main factors for having such a healthy garden is how well I’ve cared for my vegetable plants! Of course, the soil, the watering schedule, the temperature, and fertilizing all matter, but pruning also is just as important! It is important to know which vegetables need pruning and which ones should not be pruned. Until this season, I really never understood how important pruning vegetable plants really is!
Today’s post will review the importance of pruning your vegetable plants, what needs pruning, and what does not need pruning.
Pruning Vegetables: What Plants to Prune and Which Ones Not To
What is Pruning and Why Do You Need to Do It?
Pruning can involve removing whole branches or stems. Pruning is necessary to maintain the health of a vegetable plant and keep it from growing too large. When pruned, plants are encouraged to grow in their natural shape instead of becoming lanky.
As I mentioned before, I’ve really been enjoying this season with my garden. Especially when I see the vegetables grow and flourish, reminding me of just how much they need the care to prosper! Now that I’m more knowledgeable about pruning plants in general, from other plant types too like flowers or trees for example, it’s interesting to think back on all those years where maybe things could have gone better if only someone had told me why such a seemingly small thing mattered so much.
There Are Different Types of Pruning:
1) Heading (cutting off flower buds)
Heading encourages the growth of a vegetable plant by removing flower buds. “Heading” is commonly used on plants that produce flowers you do not want. This includes eggplants, peppers, and other members of the Solanaceae family. Heading can also be used to encourage branching by removing the tip of a branch or stem, which is called “crown pruning.” This technique will promote more lateral branching and yield a fuller plant.
2) Pinching (removal of growing tips)
There are various reasons why you might want to pinch off the growing tips. Pinching encourages your vegetable plants to grow bushier and more compact, ultimately producing more vegetables for you in less room. Vegetables such as Green Beans, Chili Peppers, Tomatoes all benefit from pinching. Flower crops like broccoli and cauliflower also grow more compact if pinched regularly.
3) Thinning out congested areas
As a plant grows in a pot, it often becomes necessary to thin out some leaves and branches to promote air circulation. Some plants susceptible to getting botrytis, like Sugar Snap Peas, also benefit from being thinned out by reducing the number of overcrowded leaves and helping them dry out between waterings. Many plants also produce more fruits, flowers, and foliage when thinned out, so this can be a great way to supercharge your garden.
This year was an amazing growing season, thanks in large part to how well-kept all of my plants were this summer – including vegetable plants that used to be problematic before due primarily to not enough attention paid during seed-starting-time via making sure air circulation around each plant.
4) Clipping for structure and health
A garden can look very different depending on how you clip your plants. Shorter and bushier appearances are often used to advantage with many vegetable crops such as tomatoes, kale, cabbage, and other head lettuces like summer crisp. These clipped plants develop a concentrated central growth area that may be more suitable for containers or small gardens where space is limited.
Clipping is also useful when plants begin to seek sunlight in strange ways, growing at odd angles and harming their own structural integrity. If you are diligent in your clipping, you can prevent the need for trellises on many plants that would otherwise need them.
5) Shearing back hedges for even growth and shaping trees
While not commonly done for vegetables, some plants, like raspberries, for example, can be sheared or clipped in late winter to early spring, sometimes right before they start pushing out new growth. A hedge clipped at this time will encourage denser growth than it would otherwise experience.
It will also encourage new growth to appear at the top of the plant, which you will be trimming back with your shearing. This is a good practice for thorny shrubs like raspberries that are otherwise hard to get close to.
The Perfect Gardening Shears
I like to use THESE gardening shears. I love the sharpness, the size, and the leather case. These garden shears are the perfect tool to use for clipping delicate branches and trimming shrubs, vegetable plants, perennials, and flowers. The blades cut to ensure there is no tearing of plant tissue, which allows it to heal faster! Once healed from being clipped or trimmed, these plants tend not to be as susceptible to disease, meaning you can keep your lawn looking tidy with less effort.
What Vegetables Need Pruning?
Consider crops like beans, peas, tomatoes, asparagus, cucumbers, and more!
- Beans require pruning to keep them upright. Without the support of vertical structure, they’ll flop or sprawl out on the ground. Regulate both the vine’s height and its spread by pinching.
- Peas are pruned to stay short and produce fruit. Left wild, pea plants will generally not produce fruit but will act as a ground cover.
- Asparagus needs to be pruned because it produces buds on the ends of its shoots that need removal to mature properly. Without pruning, asparagus will grow tall and spindly.
- Tomatoes’ regular pruning or pinching can also improve the quality of fruit that the plant produces. By removing competition between fruits for sugars, you can concentrate the plant’s resources and produce much tastier, finer quality fruit.
- Pruning Cucumbers will maintain the balance between vine growth and fruit production. Vining crops like cucumber need to be supported by a trellis, and the grower should prune the vine stems that do not attach themselves to it.
- Squash plants desperately need thinning to prevent overgrowth and disease. Because they are dense vining crops, they also have a high susceptibility to fungal diseases like powdery mildew. Thin them out to ensure they get the air circulation they need to stay healthy
What Vegetables Do Not Need Pruning?
Although pruning is a great way to keep vegetable plants healthy and produce higher yields, not all vegetables need to be pruned.
Plants like potatoes, watermelons, pumpkins, and cauliflower do not need pruning because they grow from the ground up rather than on vines, as in many other types of crops.
Other plants that can be left unpruned include onions, corn (maize), and squash. These are harvested whole, so there is no sense in pruning them unnecessarily. However, if one wants to prune those fruits, it would only be necessary for aesthetic purposes or prevent overgrowth, making harvesting difficult.
Pruning Your Vegetable Plants is Key to A Green Thumb
Gardeners must prune their vegetable plants to get the best yield and maintain a healthy garden, yet most amateur gardeners overlook this simple yet rewarding task. Many people believe that pruning is difficult, but it is really quite simple. Too often, gardeners go out into the garden with no plan and start hacking away at whatever plant they are currently working on. This type of pruning results are usually disastrous; one may get a few fruits or vegetables, but all in all, it is not worth the time and effort spent pruning. However, if these plants had been properly pruned, to begin with, successful harvesting would have resulted from such quick and easy work.
How often do you prune your garden vegetables?
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